Chung, Seung-Young On the Distance Iconicity Represented in Syntactic Structure. The Journal of English Grammar 4.2, 151-163. Up to the present time, the arbitrariness of a language has been recognized by most linguists as one of the chief inherent features. However, functional linguists like Haiman, Giv n, and Yule, etc. assert that there exists iconicity in natural languages. According to Motivation Hypothesis, the iconicity is the natural relation of similarity between form and meaning. The linguistic distance between expressions corresponds to the conceptual distance between them. In particular, distance iconicity was revealed in such syntactic constructions as negative sentences, coordinate structures symmetric construction, dative structures, and constructions of politeness. Accordingly, form and meaning are reciprocally reflective. (Kyungnam University)