Grammar: General
(a) Theory

Aitchison, J. 1979. "The Order of Word Order Change". Transactions of the Philological Society 1976-79. 43-65.

Andersen, H. 1980. "Morphological Change: Towards a Typology". In Fisiak 1980.

Anttila, R. 1977. Analogy. The Hague: Mouton Publishers.

Baron, D. E. 1974. Case Grammar and Diachronic English Syntax. The Hague: Mouton.

Campbell, L. and Mithun, M. 1980. "The Priorities and Pitfalls of Syntactic Reconstruction". Folia Linguistica Historica 1. 19-39.

Closs, E. [Traugott]. 1965. "Diachronic Syntax and Generative Grammar". Language 41. 402-15.

van Coetsem, F. and Kufner, H. L, eds. 1972. Toward a Grammar of Proto-Germanic. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Gulstad, E. E. 1974. "Reconstruction in Syntax". In Anderson and Jones I. 1974. 117-58.

Jeffers, R. S. 1976. "Syntactic Change and Syntactic Reconstruction". In Christie 1976. 1-16.

Kiparsky, P. 1974. "Remarks on Analogical Change". In Anderson and Jones 1974. Ⅱ. 257-75.

Klima, E. S. 1965. Studies in Diachronic Transformational Syntax. Unpubl. Ph. D. dissertation, Harvard.

Li, C. N., ed. 1975. Word Order and Word Order Change. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Li, C. N., ed. 1977. Mechanism of Syntactic Change. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Lightfoot, D. 1976. "The Base Conponent as a Locus of Syntactic Change'. In Christie 1976. 17-37.

Lightfoot, D. 1976. "Diachronic Syntax: Extraposition and Deep Structure". Folia Linguistica 9. 1-14.

Lightfoot, D. 1977. "Syntactic Change and the Autonomy Thesis". Journal of Linguistics 13. 191-216.

Lightfoot, D. 1969. Principles of Diachronic Syntax. Cambridge: University Press.

Parker, F. and Macari, N. 1987. "On Syntactic Change". Linguistics 209. 5-41.

Stein, D. 1985. "Stylistic Aspects of Syntactic change". FLH 6. 153-78.

Szemerenyi, O. 1978. "On Reconstruction in Morphology". In Jazayery et al. 1978. 267-83.

Traugott, E. C. 1969. "Toward a Theory of Syntactic Change". Lingua 23. 1-27.

Traugott, E. C. 1972. "On the Notion 'Restructuring' in Historical Syntax". Stanford Occasional Papers in Linguistics 2. 30-46.

Vennemann, Th. 1975. "An Explanation of Drift". In Li 1975. 269-305.

Vincent, N. 1974. "Analogy Reconsidered". In Anderson and Jones 1974. Ⅱ. 437-45.


(b) From Old to Modern English

Åkerlund, A 1911. On the History of the Definite Tenses in English. Cambridge: Heffer and Sons.

Appleby, M. J. 1968. The Infinitive: Form and Syntax from Old English to Modern English. Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin.

Bammesberger, A. 1984. A Sketch of Diachronic English Morphology. Regensburg: Pustet.

Baron, N. 1971. "A Reanalysis of English Grammatical Gender". Lingua 27. 113-40.

Baron, N 1972. "Language Acquisition's Role in Diachrony: The Evolution of English Periphrastic Causatives". Stanford Occasional Papers in Linguistics 2. 47-63.

Breivik, L. E. 1982. Existential There: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study. Oslo: Norwegian Universities Press.

Breivik, L. E. 1984. "The Diachrony of Introductory there: a rejoinder". FLH 5. 313-29.

Breivik, L. E. 1986. "Variations in Existential Sentences in a Synchronic-Diachronic Variation". In Jacobson 1986. 171-80.

Bungenstab, E. 1933. Der Genitiv beim Verbum und sein Ersatz im Laufe der englischen Sprachgeschichte. Breslau: Eschenhagen.
Carlson, A. 1976. "A Diachronic Treatment of English Quanifiers". Montreal Working Papers in Linguistics 7. 41-72.

Curme, G. O. 1912. "History of the English Gerund.". Englische Studien 45. 349-80.

Curm, G. O. 1912. "A History of the English Relative Constructions". JEGPh 11. 10-29; 180-204; 355-80.

Dal, I. 1952. "Zur Entstehung des englischen Participium Praesentis auf -ing". NTC 16. 5-116.

Dekeyser, X. 1976. "On the Diachronic Expansion of BE+PRP". Leuvense Bijdragen 66. 151-66.

Dekeyser, X. 1984. "Diachronic Dimensions of Subject and Object Complement Clauses". In Blake and Jones 1984. 192-204.

Diensberg, B. 1983. "Zur Genese und Entwicklung des Neuenglischen Phrasal Verbs". Folia Linguistica Historica 4. 247-64.

Einenkel, E. 1899. "Das Indefinitum". Anglia 21. 1-20; 289-99; 509-20.
Einenkel, E. 1903. "Das englische Indefinitum". Beiblatt zur Anglia 14. 461-572.

Einenkel, E. 1911. "Die englische Verbalnegation". Anglia 35. 187-248; 401-24.

Einenkel, E. 1913. "Zur Geschichte des englischen Gerundiums". Anglia 37. 382-92.

Einenkel, E. 1914. "Die Entwicklung des englischen Gerumdiums". Anglia 38. 1-76.

Einenkel, E. 1914. "Zur Herkunft des englischen Gerumdiums". Anglia 38. 499-504.

Einenkel, E. 19163. Geschichte der englischen Sprache, II (Historische Syntax). Strassburg: Trübner.

Einenkel, E. 1923. "Neues aus dem Gebiete der historischen Syntax". Anglia 47. 274-86.

Ekwall, E. 1912. On the Origins and History of the Unchanged Plural in English. Lund: Gleerup.

Ellegård, A. 1953. The Auxiliary Do; The Establishment and Regulation of Its Use in English. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell.

Engblom, V 1938. On the Origin and Early Development of the Auxiliary 'Do'. Lund: Gleerup.

Erdmann, P 1980. "On the History of Subject Contact-Clauses in English". Folia Linguistica Historica 1. 139-70.

Fries, C. C. 1939. "On the Development of the Structural Use of Word-Order in Modern English". Language 16. 199-208.

van der Gaaf, W. 1930. "Some Notes on the History of the Progressive Form". Neophilologus 15. 1-215.

van der Gaaf, W. 1932. "The Absolute Genitive". English Studies 14. 49-65.

Gehse, H. 1938. Die Kontaminationen in der englischen Syntax. Breslau: Priebatsch.

Geoghegan, S. G. 1975. "Relative Clauses in Old, Middle and New English". Working Papers Iin Linguistics 18. 30-71.

Goossens, L. 1984. "The Interplay of Syntax and Semantics in the Development of the English Modals". In Blake and Jones 1984. 149-59.

Hanssen, H. 1906. Die Geschichte der starken Zeitwörter im Nordenglischen. Kiel: Lüdtke and Martens.

Harsh, W. 1968. The Subjunctive in English. University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press.

Haussmann, R. B. 1974. "The Development of Periphrastic do in English". In Anderson and Jones. I 1974. 159-189.

Heltveit, T. 1952. "Notes on the Development of the Personal Pronouns in English". NTC 16. 377-86.

Holmqvist, E. 1922. On the history of the English Present Inflexions, particularly -th and -s. Heidelberg: Winter.

Horn, W. 1928. "Untersuchungen zur historischen englischen Syntax". Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 54. 213-23.

Ikegami, Y. 1981. "On the Development of Causative Use of the Verbs do and make in English". In Terasawa et al 1981. 85-99.

Jacobson, S. 1981. Preverbal Adverbs and Auxiliaries: A Study of Word Order Change. Stockholm: Almqvist ans Wiksell.

Joly, A, 1967. Negation and the Comparative Particle in English Quebec; Laval University.

Karlberg, G 1954. The English Interrogative Pronouns: A Study of Their Syntactic History. Lund: Bloms.

Kellner, L. 1924. Historical Outlines of English Syntax. London: Macmillan.

Kisbye, T. 1971-72. An Historical Outline of English Syntax. Vols. I-II. Aarhus: Nordisk Sprog og Kulturforalg.

Klöpzig, W. 1922. "Der Ursprung der to be to-Konstruktionen'. Englische Stucien 56. 378-89.

Knispel, E. 1923. Der altenglische Instrumental bei Verben und Adjektiven und sein Ersatz im Verlaufe der englischen Sprachgeschichte. Breslau: Eschenhagen.

Lebow, D. B. 1954. An Historical Study of Syntax: the Evolution of English from Inflectional to Prepositional Constructions. Unpubl. Ph. D. dissertation, New York University.

Lenerz, J. 1979. "Zur Beschreibung eines sytaktischen Wandels: das periphrastsche do im Englischen". In van de Velde and Vandeweghe 1979. 93 102.

Lieber, R. 1982. " A Note on the history of the English Auxiliary". MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 4. 81-99.

Lightfoot, D. 1974. "The Diachronic Analysis of English Models". In Andersons and Jones I. 1974. 219-249.

Lutz, A. 1982 "Die englishen Relativ-pronomina: Lehneinluβ oder eigenständige entwickiung?". Klagenfurter Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 8. 1.240-60.

Machaček, H. 1969. "Historical Aspects of the Accusative with Infinitive and the Content Clause in English". Brno Studies in English8. 123-31.

Manabe, K. 1979. Syntax and Style in Early English. Finite and Non-Finite claeses c. 900-1600. Tokyo:L Kaibunsha Ltd.

Marckwardt, A.H. 1935. "Origen and Extension of the Voiceless Preterite and the Past Participle Inflections of the English irregular Wak Verb Conjungation ". In Essays and Studies in English and Comparative Literature. Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press. 151-328

Matsunami, T. 1961. "A Historical Consideration of the Disjungtive Formula:It is I that Am to Blame". Studies in English Literature(English Number)1961.1-15.

Moessner, L. 1984. "Some English Relative Constructions". La Linquistique 20. 57-79.

Moss, F. 1938. Histoire de la forme periphrastique être et participe prsent en Germanique. Paris: Klincksieck.

Moss, F 1957. "Rfiexions sur la gense de la forme progressive". Wiener Beiträge 65, 155-74.

Nagucka, R. 1978. Negatively Phrased Utterance in English. Warszawa: PWN.

Nehls, D. 1974. Synchron-diachrone Untersuchungen zur expanded from im Englischen. Mnchen: Hueber.
Nusser, O. 1913. Geschichte der Disjunktivkonstruktionen im Englischen. Heidelberg: Winter.

Palm,B.1911. The Place of the Adjective Attribute in English Prose from the Oldest Times up to Our Days. Lund : Universitetsbokhandel.

Phelps, M.A 1977. The verb "Do". Unpubl. Ph.D.diss, University of Washington.

Rodier, D. 1985."An Historical Analysis of Modals from Old English to Modern English". The McGill Working Papers in Linguistics 2.2 12-29.

Rooth, E. 1942 "Zur Geschichte der englischen Partizip-Prasens- Form -ing", In liljegren and Melander 1942. 71-85.

Ryden, M. 1979 An Introduction to the Historical Study of English Syntax. Stockholm:Almqvist and Wiksell.

Scheffer, J. 1975 The Progressive in English . Amsterdam:North Holland.
Schmidt, D,A 1980. A HIstory of Inversion in English. Unpubl. Ph. D. diss., Ohio State University.

vonSeefranz-Montag, A. 1984"Subjectless'Constructions and Syntactic Change", In Fisiak 1984. 521-53.

von Staden, W. 1903. Entwicklung der Praesens Indikativ-Endungen Iim Englischen. Rostock:Hinstorff.

Steadman, J.M. 1917. "The Origin of the Historical Present in English." Studies in Philology 14.1-46

Stein, D. 1985. Naturlicher syntaktischer Sprachwandel: Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der englishcen do-Periphrase in Fragen. Munchen:Tuduv Studie.

Stockwell, R. P. 1984, "On the History of the verb-second Rule in English." In Frisiak. 1984. 575-92.

Stoelke, H. 1916. Die Inkongruenz zwischern Subjekt and Pradikat im Englischen und in den verwandten Sprachen. Heidelberg:Winter.

Takahashii, M. 1983. "On Complementation in the History of English". Studies in English Linguistics 11. 59-78

Tellier, A. 1962. Les Verbes perfecto-presents et les Auxiliaires de mode an Anglais ancien. Paris:Klincksieck.

Traugott, E.C. 1972 A History of English Syntax. New York:Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.

Visser, F.Th. 1963-73. An Historical Syntax of the English Language. 3vols. Leiden:Brill.

Wiegand, N. 1982. "From discourse to Syntax: for in Early English Causal Clauses". In Ahlqvist 1982. 385-393.

Wolff, D. 1975. Grundzuge der diachronischen Morphologie des Englischen. Tubingen:Niemeyer

Yamakawa, K. 1966. "The Imperative Accompanied by the Second Personal Pronoun". Hitotsubashi Journal of Arts and Sciences 7. 6-25.

Yamakawa, K. 1969. "The Development of when as Subordinate Conjunction or Relative Adverb" Hitotsubashi Journal of Arts and Sciences 10.8-42

(c) Old and Middle English

Anderson, John M. 1984. "Theh Natural History of Dative Sentences" In Blake and Jones 1984. 241-78.

Armentrout, R.E. 1978. The Development of Subordinating Conjunctions in English. Unpubl.Ph.D. diss., The Pennsylvania State University

Bazell, C.E. 1962."Six Questions of Old and Middle English Morphology". In Davis and Wrenn 1962. 51-62

Berman, A. 1970. "The Relative Clause Construction in Old and Middle English". Mathematical Linguistics and Automatic Translation.
Report No. NSF-26. The Computation Laboratory of Harvard University. 1-43

Butler, M.C. 1980 Grammatically Motivated Subjects in Early English. Unpubl.Ph. Ddiss., University of Texas, Austin.
de la Cruz, J.M. 1976" Context-sensitivity in Old and Middle English" .P8.3-43

Dahl, T. 1936. Form and Function. Studies in Old and Middle English Syntax. Copenhagen:Reitzel.

Dekeyser, X. 1980. "The Diachrony of the Gender Systemss in English and Dutch". In Fisiak 1980.

Diekstra, F.N.M 1984. "Ambiguous that-Clauses in Old and Middle English ". English Studies 65.97-110.

Ellmer, W.1981. Diachronic Grammar: The History of Old and MIddle English Subjectless Constructions. Tubingen:Niemeyer.

Farr, J.M. 1905. Intensives and Reflexives in Anglo-Saxon and Early Middle English. Baltimore:Furst.

Foster, R. 1975 "The Use of 'pa' in Old and Middle English Narratives". NM 76.104-14

Fujiwara, H. 1978. "On the Word order in Phrases with the To-infinitive during the Transitional Period from OE to ME". In Fujiwara 1978. 208-37.

Funke, O. 1949. "On the Use of the Attributive Adjective in OE Prose and Early ME". English Studies 30.151-6

Gericke, B. and Greul, W. 1934. Das Personalpronomen der 3. Person in spatags. und fruhmittelenglischen Texten. Leipzig: Mayer and Muller.

Harder, B. D. 1969. "Syntactiv Changes of the Verbal Auxiliary from Old English to Middle English: A Transformational Approach". Papers in Linguistics 1. 391-8

Hiltunen, R. 1983. "Syntactic Variation in the Early History of the English Phrasal Verb". In Jacobson 1983. 95-108[see98]
Hoffmann, G. 1934. Die Entwicklung des umschreibenden Perfektums im Altenglischen und Fruhmittelenglischen. Breslau:Eschenhagen.

Irwin, B.J.1967. The Development of the '-ing' of the verbal Noun and the Present Participle from c. 700 to c. 1400 Unpubl. Ph. D. diss., Univ. of Wisconsin.

Jambeck, T. J. 1973. "The Syntax of Petition in Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight". Style 7. 21-9.

Janda, R. 1980. "On the Decline of Declensional Systems: The Overall Loss of OE Nominal Case Inflections and the ME Reanalysis of -es as his". In Traugott et al. 1980. " 243-52.

Kastovsky, D. 1980. "Zero in Morphology: A Means of Making up for Phonological Losses". In Fisiak 1980. 213-50.

Kniezsa, V. 1986. "The Progress of the Expression of Temporal Relationships from Old English to Early Middle English". In Kastovsky and Szwedek 1986. 423-36.

Kohonen, V. 1978. On the Development of English Word Order in Religious Prose around 1000 and 1200 A. D. Åbo: Publications of the Research Institute of the Åbo Akademi Foundation.

Kohonen, V. 1979. "Observations on Syntactic Characteristics of Binominals in Late Old English and Early Middle English Prose". NM 80. 143-63.

Krzyszpień, J. 1985. "On the Impersonal-to-Personal Transition in English". SAP 17. 63-9.

Lassaut, H. and Dekeyser, X. 1977. "Aspects of Sentence Embedding in Old and Middle English". Leuvense Bijdragen 66. 327-44.

McCawley, Noriko. 1976. "From OE/ME Impersonal to 'Personal` Constructions: What Is a 'Subject-less` S?" In Steever et al. 1976. 192-204.

Nagucka, R. 1981. "A Reflexive Function of the Personal Pronoun in Old and Middle English". BPTJ 38. 33-4.

Nevanlinna, S. 1974. "Background and History of the Parenthetic as who say/saith in Old and Middle English Literature". NM 75. 568-601.

Ogura, Michiko. 1981. The Syntactic and Semantic Rivalry of 'Quoth, Say` and 'Tell` in Medieval English. Hirakata City: KUFS.

Pasicki, A. 1983. "While-clauses in Old and Early Middle English". Folia Linguistica Historica 4. 287-303.

Pttmann, A. 1980. "Die Syntax der sogenannten progressiven Form im Alt- und Frhmittelenglischen". Anglia 31. 405-52.

Reed, D. W. 1950. The History of Inflectional n in English Verbs before 1500. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Reuter, O. 1937. "Some Notes on the Origin of the Relative Combination 'the which`". NM 38. 146-88.

Rissanen, M. 1967. The Uses of ONE in Old and Early Middle English. Helsinki: Socit Nophilologique.

Rissanen, M. 1967. "Old English Þœt an 'Only`". NM 69. 409-28.

von Schon, C. V. 1977. The Origin of Phrasal Verbs in English. Unpubl. Ph. D. diss., SUNY at Stony Brook.

von Syntaktishche-Montag,A. 1983. Syntaktische Funktionen und Wortstellungsveranderung. Die Entwicklung 'subjektloser' Konstrukionen in einigen Sprachen. Munchen:Fink.

Susskind,P. 1935. Geschichte des unbestimmten Artikels im Alt-und Fruhmittelenglischen. Halle/S Niemeyer.

Suter, K. 1955. Das Pronomen beim imperativ im Alt-und Mittelenglishchen. Aarau: Sauerlander.

Takahashi, M. 1984. "Subjectless Infinitive Complements of Causative Verbs and perceptive Verbs in OE and ME". Descriptive and Applied Linguistics 17.199-210.

Wallum, M. K. 1973. The Syntax and Semantics of the English Modal Verbs from the Late Tenth to the Fifteenth Century. Unpubl. Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan.

Watts,R. 1983. "The Conjunction that: A Semantically Empty Particle?". SAP 15. 13-37.

West,F. 1973. "Some Notes on Word Order in Old and Middle English". Modern Philology 71.48-53.

Yamakawa,K. 1980. "The Adverbial Accusative of Duration and Its Porpositional Equivalent. PartⅠ. Old an Middle English". Hitotsubashi Journal of Arts and Sciences 21. 1-39.

(d) Old or Middle English and Modern English

Amano,M.1983."On the Constituency of the PE and ME Infinitival Construction [NP to VP]". Studies in English Linguistics 11. 70-97.

Baghdikian,S. 1979."Ne in ME and EModE". English Studies 60. 673-9.

Bald, W.-D. 1984."Forms and Functions of ONE: Diachronic Aspects". In Bald and Weinstock 1984. 143-53.

Bald,W.-D. 1985. "On the Diachrony of English Linking Verbs". In Arn et al. 1985. 175-89.

Brose.B. 1938. Die englischen Passivkonstruktionen vom Typus 'I am told a story' and 'I am sent for'. Ein Beitrag zur englischen Syntax des 14. bis 16. Jahrhunderts, Unpubl. Ph. D. diss., University of Berlin.

Dietz, K. 1981."Die englischen Praterita des Typus WENT". In Erlebach et al. "Some Thoughts on the Function of Word Order in Old ENglish and Modern English". Sbornik Praci Filologicke Fakulty Brnenske University 6. 72-100.

Friden,G. 1948. Studies on the Tenses of the English Verb from Chaucer to Shakespeare with Special Reference to the Late Sixteenth Century. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Friden, G. 1959,"On the Use of Auxiliaries to Form the Perfect and Pluperfeet in Late Middle English and Early Modern English". Archiv 196. 152-3.

Fries, U. 1968. "Demonstrativum and bestimmter Artikel". NM 69.209-22.
Goossens, L.1985."Framing the Linguistic Actions Scene in Old and present-Day English: CWEDAN, SECGAN,S(P)RECAN and present-day English SPEAK TALK, SAY and TELL Compared" In Fisiak 1985b. 149-70.

Gutch, U. 1979. Altenglisch - Cnawan. Cunnan. Witan - Neuenglisch Know. Berlin: no publisher.

Ihalainen, O. 1983."On the Notion " Possible Grammatical Change": A Look at a perfectly Good Change that Did not Quite Mke It". SAP 15.3-11.

Joly, A. 1982."BUT, signe de I'exception et de la restriction dans I'histoire de l'anglais:. Modèles linguistique 4. 151-75.

Kastovsky,D. 1985. "Typological Changes in the nominal inflectional System of English and German:. Studia Gramatyezne 7.97-117.
Keyser,S.J.1975. " A Partial History of the Relative Clause in English". In Grmshaw 1975. 1-33.

Kloss, R. j. 1968. The Verbs of Being and Becoming in Middle English and Early modern English. Unpublished Ph. D dissertaion, Columbia University.

Koma, O. 1980. "Diachronic Syntax of the Gerund in English and the X-bar Theory". Studies in English literature. English Number. 59-76.

Kovatcheva, M. 1982. "An Aspect of the Transition towards Analytical Sentence Structure in English". Folia Linguistica Historica 3.109-19.

Marchand, M. 1951. "The Syntactical Change from inflectional to Word Order System and Some Effects of This Change on the Felation 'Verb/Object' in English. A Diachronic- Synchronic interpretation". Anglia 70. 70-89.

Mutt, O. 1968. "The Use of Substantives as Premodifiers in Early English". NM 69. 578-96.

Nagucka,R. 1983. "On Transitivity and Intransitivity of the Same (?) Verb in English". SAP 16. 25-43.

Pogatsher, A. 1905. " Zu ne, these". Anglia Beiblatt 16. 336-7.

Pound, L. 1901. The Comparison of Adjectives in English in the XV and the XVI Century. Heidelberg: Winter.

Ross, C.H.. 1893. "The Absolute Participle in Middle English and Modern English", PMLA 8. 245-302.

Ryden, M. 1983. " The Emergence of Who as Relativizers". Studia linguistica 37. 126-34.

Schunemann, M. 1902. The Hilfszeitworter in der englischen Bibelubersetzungen der Hexapla (1386-1611). Berlin: Mayer and Muller.

Stahl, L. 1925. "Der adnominale Genitiv und sein Erstz im mittelenglischen und Fruhneuenglischen". Giessener Beitrage 3.1-33.

Steinki, j. 1932. die Entwicklung er englischen Felativpronomina in spatmittelenglischer und fruhneuenglischer Zeit: BreslaU. Eschenhagen.

Zimmermann, R. 1973. "Strutural Change in the English Auxiliary System: On the Replacement of be by have". Folia linguistica 6.107-17.